Two Nicholas Longs filed for Revolutionary War pensions. One was from Caroline Co., VA, and one from Culpeper Co., VA. One later settled in KY and the other in TN.
These two are frequently mixed up on people’s accounts of their families, and so I recently transcribed both their applications, which both are truly chock full of great information for the genealogist. Following is the pension application of Nicholas Long of Culpeper Co., VA, and later TN, who served as a private in the Revolutionary War.
REVOLUTIONARY WAR PENSION FILE OF NICHOLAS LONG (wife Margaret) File number W953, Virginia Service
Nicholas Long of Knox Co. in the State of Tennessee was a private in the com. commanded by Captain Toles of the regt. commanded by Col. ?–ck in the Virginia line for 6 months.
Inscribed on the Roll of East Tennessee at the rate of 20 Dollars – Cents per annum
to commence on the 4th day of March 1831.
Certificate of Pension issued the 29 day of Sept 1833 and James Hauer Knoxville
Arrears to the 4th of Sept $50
Semi-ant. allowance ending 4 March $10
Recorded by Danl. Boyd, clerk, Book E Vol. 7 Page 51-57
order to pay Nov. 11 1836
Order to pay 3rd Oct. 1837
– – — — — —– —— May 12th 1842
Paid at the Treasury under the Act of April 6th 1838 from 4th Sept. 1836 to 27th July 1839. —- May 28th 1848
widow of Nicholas Long
who was a private
in the Virginia line
Inscribed on the Roll at the rate of 20 Dollars per annum, to commence on the 4th day of March, 1843.
Certificate of Pension issued the 30 day of Dec. 1845 and sent to Hon. A. Johnson H.R.
[Act of MArch 3, 1843.]
& of 17 January 1844
Recorded Book A Vol. 2 Page 194.
Informally transferred to Jonesborough
Jany 26 1846 see let to W. Lyon Jr. Pen. Agt.
No. 418 certificate — under act of 7 July ’38 & the pmt. resolution of Jany. 1845 & sent to Hon. A. Johnson H.R. Dec. 30 1845.
State of Tennessee
County of Greene
Be it known that on this twenty fifth day of November one thousand eight hundred and forty five before me Christopher Cooper, a Justice of the Peace for the county aforesaid, personally appeared Margaret Long, (widow of Nicholas Long, late a revolutionary pensioner of the United States) a resident of the county aforesaid, aged about eighty three or four years, who after being duly sworn according to law, doth on her oath, make the following affidavit relative to her application for a Pension K.C. viz:
That she is the identical person who made application for a pension while she lived in Jefferson County Tennessee (sometime in the year 1843, as she believes) – that she is the widow of the aforesaid Nicholas Long in the County of Culpepper Virginia. the year after the surrender of Lord Cornwallis, which she believes took place in October 1782. She believes that her marriage with teh said Nicholas Long took place in November 1783, She is certain it was about one year after the surrender of Cornwallis at York Town – that she was married by publication of Banns – that the marriage ceremony was performed according to the ceremonies and rules of the Church of England, or the protestant church , and she is fully satisfied that there was neither license or marriage bond in the case -
She further states that she knows of no person now living by whom she could prove her marriage – that she has no record of her marriage or her childrens ages- that before she left Virginia she had a record of the ages of seven of her children; but the dates of the births being incorrect, she destroyed it; and has never had a record since – that she knows of no person
by whom she can prove that she was living with the said Nicholas Long as his wife prior to the first of January seventeen hundred and ninety four, except by Mrs. Nancy Bath (Ball?), whose evidence she now submits to the Department. She further states that her oldest child is about sixty one years of age- and that she has had Eleven children by her husband the aforesaid Nicholas Long viz- Betsey, William, Joel, Nancy, Sally, Rachel, Hanna, Peggy, Nicholas, Dicy, and James. Witnesses Bill Daniel, Eliakim Cox. -
Margarett (her X mark) Long
Sworn to and subscribed before the undersigned a Justice of the Peace in and for said county, in presence of the attesting witnesses, the day and year first written- I further certify that I am personally acquainted with the above named affiant – that she is a resident of the county of Greene state of Tennessee – and is the widow of the said Nicholas Long, late a revolutionary Pensioner- that she is a respectable citizen of said county and of unimpeachable character, hose statement is entitled to full faith and credit. I further certify that she is reputed and believed to be the widow of said Nicholas Long by the neighborhood in which she lives; and that the legality of her marriage is not disputed. and that she was known as the wife of said Long in the same neighborhood she now resides upward of thirty years ago, at which time they were residents of said neighborhood to my own knowledge.
Given under my hand in the county and state aforesaid this the 25th day of November 1845.
Justice of the Peace
WAR DEPARTMENT, Pension Office.
The evidence in support of your claim under the act of June 7, 1832, has been examined, and the papers are herewith returned. The following is a statement of our case in tablar form. On comparing these papers with the follwing rules, and the subjoined notes, you will readily perceive that objections exist which must be removed before a pension can be allowed. The notes and regulations will show what is necessary to be done. These points to which your attention is more particularly directed, you will find marked in the margin with a brace, (thus: } ). You will, when you return your papers to this Department, send this printed letter to them, and you will be complying with this request greatly facilitate the investigation of your clam.
A Statement, showing the Service of Nicholas Long
Apr 1781 for 3 months as private for officers: C. of Toles? and Col. Alcock
July 1781 for 3 months as private for officer: Col. Karch?
Age at present: 69 . Service in Va.
Proof by which the declaration is supported: traditionary.
I am respectfully, your obedient servant,
J.L. Edwards, Commissioner of Pensions.
In order to obtain the benefit of the Act of Congress of the 7th July 1838 entitled “an act granting half pay & pensions to certain widows” & in order to obtain the benefit of the acto of Congress of March 3rd 1843 entitled “an act granting one year pension to certain widows”
State of Tennessee
On this 25th day of January 1844 personally appeared beforie the subscriber, a justice of the peace in and for the county aforesaid, Mrs. Margaret Long of the county & state aforesaid, aged eighty six years, who being first duly swornaccording to law, doth on her oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the provision made by the act of Congress passed July 7th 1838 entitled “an act granting half pay & pensions to certain widows” – that she is the widow of Nicholas Long who was a private in the Army of the Revolution, that the aforesaid Nicholas Long drew a pension under the act of Congress of 7th June 1832 of Twenty Dollars per annum for his said service. She further declares that she was married to the said Nicholas Long on the 5th day of Nov. 1778, and that her husband the aforesaid Nicholas Long died on the 27th day of July 1839. that she was not married to him prior to his leaving the service but that the marriage took place previous to the first day of Jan. 1794, (viz.) at the time above stated & that she has remained unmarried a widow ever since the death of her said husband
She further declares that she cannot obtain record evidence of marriage. Margaret (her X mark) Long
13th & 17th lines interlined? before signed ——
Sworn to & subscribed on the day & year above written before me a justice of the peace for the county aforesaid, and I further certify that the said Mrs. Margaret Long is from bodily infrimity unable to attend Courr and that full credit may be given to her statements, in witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand this 25th day of Jan. 1844. Jeszse Howell (SEAL)
Justice of the peace
State of Tennessee
On this 25th day of Jan. 1844 personally appeared before the subscriber a justice of the peace for said county, Mrs. Rachel Solomon a resident of said county and state aforesaid aged fifty three years, & after being duly sworn according to law doth on her oath make the following affidavit. that she is well acquainted with the above named Margaret Long & has been from the earliest of her recollection & also with teh said Nicholas Long her said Husband, & has always known them the said Margaret & Nicholas, to live together as Husband & wife for more than fifty years and from every circumstance she believes the marriage to ahave taken place at the time set forth in the said Margaret’s declaration. Rachel (her X mark) Solomon
Sworn to and subscribed before me, due and it being given to affiant this date above written.
Justice of the peace
25th line interlined before signed page (2)
State of Tennessee
On this __ day of August 1833 personally appeared in open court before me Edward Scott, one of the Judges of Law and Equity in and for the state of Tennessee now sitting Nicholas Long a resident of the said County and State in the said county of Knox and State of Tennessee aged 69 years who being first duly sworn according to law doth on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the act of Congress passed June 7th 1832 that he entered the service of the United States under the following named officers and served as herein stated. He was born on the 12th day of April 1764 in Culpeper County Virginia as he was informed by his parents. he has no record of his age. He was living in said Culpeper County when called into the service of the United States at which place in the first of April 1781 he substituted in the room and stead of Samuel Kouce? for a three months tour against the british under Capt. Henry Toles in Col. Alcock’s Regiment of Militia. he joined the company in the neighborhood of Williamsburgh. Marched to Williamsburgh thence to the drinking springs thence to the Raccoon ford of Rapahannock lay there some time thence to Richmond and lay there till his time was out and was there Honorably but verbally discharged. he served at thsi time three months for which he claims pension. this verbal discharge was given in the first of July 1781. Again while living at the same place in the latter part of July 1781 he was drafted for a three months tour against the british under Capt. Edward Knash we had no Col. when we started. we then organized at Culpeper Court house at the time — aforesaid . March to York Town to attack the british. he continued in the neighborhood of York and there till after Corn Wallace was taken. he was in the siege of York and helped take the said Wallace. After the siege was
over and Wallace taken he took sick and when the prisoner was marched out of York he was sent home. he got no regular discharge he was sent home in the latter part of October 1781 he served at this time three months for which he claims pension. He continued to live in said Culpeper County about five years after the war. he then moved to Botetourt County. lived there for twenty years he then moved to Henry County lived there about five years then moved to Greene County Tennessee lived there about five years he then moved to Anderson County lived there about five years he then moved to Jefferson County lived there about one year he then moved to Rhey County lived there about one year he then moved to said Knox County and has lived there ever since. there was no regular officers with the troops where he served nor no continental nor militia regiments to the best of his recollection till he went to the siege of York and he had no acquaintance with any of them and connot tell from his own recollection any thing about them. as the circumstance of his service farther than above stated. He never did receive a written discharge form the service nor a commission during the Revolution. He is acquainted in his present neighborhood with Mardred Yarnal Esq.Robert Kindle Esq. and Lindsay Chelders Esq. all of whom he believes would certify he is a man of veracity and that they believe he served as a soldier of the Revolution.
He has no documentary evidence and knows of no person whose testimony he can procure who can testify to his actual service. He hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension or annuity except the present and declares that his name is not on the pension roll of the ag–s? of any state.
He knows of no clergyman whose testimony he can procure who can testify to the report of his services. There may be some errors in the above statement
as he lost his speach by a fever about seven years ago and has not been able to speak above his breath since in consequence of which he has great difficulty in making himself understood. he is certain there is no error in the time he served for he served the full six months above stated. Sworn to and subscribed the day and year aforesaid in open Court. Nicholas (his X mark) Long
Wm. Swan, clk.
We Barnard Slaughter residing in Anderson County & Southy Nelson living in the said county of Knox and state aforesaid hereby certify that we are well acquainted with Nicholas Long who has subscribed and sworn to the above declaration, that we belive him to be 69 years of age that he is respected and believed in the neighborhood where he resides to have been a soldier of the Revolution and that we — in that opinion. Sworn to and subscribed the day and year aforesaid in open court.
Southy (his X mark) Nelson
Wm. Swan Clk.
And the said Court do hereby declare his opinion after the investigation of the matter and after putting the interrogatories prescribed by the state department that the above named applicant was a Revolutionary Soldier and served as he states and the court further certifies that it appears to him that Barnard Slaughter and Southy Nelson who has signed the previous certificate are residents of said county of Anderson & Knox, and state of Tennessee and are credible persons and that there statement is entitled to credit.
Edw. Scott one of the Justices of the Circuit Courts of Law and Equityin and for the State of Tennessee aforesaid
I William Swan Cleark of the Circuit Court in and for the said county of Knox and state of Tennessee do hereby .
Revolutionary War Records Section
Department of the Interior
Bureau of Pensions
….a statement of the military history of Nicholas Long, a soldier of the Revolutionary War, you will find below the desired information as contained in his (or his widow’s) application for pension on file in this Bureau.
Enlisted Apr. 1 1781 for 3 mos. as Pvt. under Capt. Henry Towles and Col. Alcoc for Va.
Enlisted July 1781 for 3 mos. under Capt. Edward Knash
Battles engaged in: Siege of York.
Residence of soldier at enlistment: Culpeper Co. Va.
Date of application for pension: Aug 15th (illegible)
Residence at date of application: Knox Co. Tenn.
Age at date of application: (b. Apr. 12 1764 Culpeper Co. Va. d. July 27, 1839 in Jefferson Co. Tenn.
Remarks: mar. Nov 5 1783 Margaret — She was —-pension on application of Jany 25 1844 when a resident of Greene Co. Tenn. aged 86 years Children were: Betsey, William, Joel, Nancy, Sally, Rachel, Hannah, Peggy, Nicholas Dicey and James.
John – brother
marriage could not have been 1778 as soldier was then only 14 yrs old.
The above is the transcribed pension file of Nicholas Long, born in Culpeper County, Virginia, as it has been filmed and published on Heritage Quest.
Transcribed by Greg Lamberson 29 September, 2010